From the Congressional Record Online through GPO
NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 2018--MOTION TO
Mr. McCONNELL. Mr. President, I move to proceed to Calendar No. 175,
The PRESIDING OFFICER. The clerk will report the motion.
The senior assistant legislative clerk read as follows:
Motion to proceed to Calendar No. 175, H.R. 2810, a bill to
authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2018 for military
activities of the Department of Defense, for military
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of
Energy, to prescribe military personnel strengths for such
fiscal year, and for other purposes.
The PRESIDING OFFICER. The Senator from Montana.
Mr. DAINES. Mr. President, as I speak, wildfires are blazing across
Montana. In fact, as of this moment, we have 21 active fires, with just
about 300,000 acres burned, which has turned our big sky into gray
smoke. In fact, the Lodgepole fire in Eastern Montana alone has burned
over 250,000 acres, and there are 300-plus heroes bravely working to
tame those growing flames.
I was on the phone a couple of times with our county commissioner
from Garfield County, and we talked about how to get more resources for
these devastating fires. I just got word an hour ago that the Sunrise
fire on the western side of our State, near Superior, MT, was just
elevated in the last couple of hours as the No. 2 national priority
fire in the Nation.
Montana is hot, Montana is dry, and there is a long way to go yet in
this fire season. The status quo is simply unacceptable. With these
fires blazing and the ground cracking beneath us, we are reminded of
how fragile the way of life in Montana is.
Our No. 1 economic driver in Montana is agriculture. Montana ag
supports our economy in seasons of plenty, as well as in seasons of
drought, including physical drought and unseasonable rains. We have
seen both in Montana, and farmers and ranchers have risen to the
occasion each time. As they have supported us, we must support them.
The historic drought conditions in Eastern Montana warrant relief
from regulations that limit the producers' abilities to use our land in
the best ways possible. I was pleased by the decision of Secretary
Perdue and the USDA to allow impacted producers to best use the
Conservation Reserve Program acreage for grazing, but I believe Montana
producers are not able to sleep at night for fear of losing their
family farms. They deserve more support from those who benefit from
their legacy of hard work.
I have held and will continue to hold USDA's feet to the fire, urging
additional emergency relief for farmers and
ranchers. I have been engaging with Montana farmers and ranchers. Most
recently, I spoke with officials; I was literally on the phone last
night with officials from Garfield County, talking with folks on the
ground as to what the lack of rain has meant for them.
I understand the severity of drought and the risk of wildfires. Let
me tell you, wildfires are all too common for those of us who live in
Montana. Hundreds of fires burn through Montana's forests every year,
with countless firefighters fighting to protect lives and property.
Year after year, I will come down here, and you will hear me speak on
the floor; you will hear me in committees; you will hear me back home,
talking about the fact that these fires are ready to ignite at any
moment. You can see the unmanaged forests we have in Montana are
literally just waiting for a massive wildfire. With nearly 300,000
acres burned--and we aren't even in August yet; it is still July--it is
a big deal for a State known for its wide open landscapes.
We need forest management reform urgently. It is a topic always on
the forefront of my mind and on the forefront of Montanans and those of
us out West, but it is on the back burner of the swamp here in
Washington, DC, until, of course, we get to fire season; then we will
talk about it.
We must reform the way we manage our national forests. We can use
proven tactics to reduce the threat of wildfires, as well as to reduce
the rate of spread and intensity of those fires when they occur. We
need a wildfire funding fix because we can't just keep hoping the
Congress will pay back the Forest Service at the end of every season.
It is not the way a family budgets, and the Forest Service shouldn't
have to either.
We have nearly 5 million acres of national forest in Montana that
have been identified as critically in need of restoration. We are
talking about dying and dead timber, primarily because of beetle kill,
and we can't even get in and manage the timber because we have these
far-left groups that would challenge many of our timber sales in court.
I have joined Senator Amy Klobuchar of Minnesota in sponsoring
legislation to encourage partnerships between the Forest Service and
the State foresters to carry out these cross-boundary restoration
A fire does not respect boundaries; it doesn't know where the State
land ends or Federal land begins or where private land is or
reservation lands are. We need to work better as neighbors along the
fence line to reduce fuels and wildfire hazards across the country.
These partnerships and projects will make fighting these wildfires
safer for firefighters and allow them to return home safely to their
At this time of year, we recognize our firefighters, in particular,
as some of the bravest men and women out there. The courage with which
they run toward danger--I tell you, if you have never seen a wildfire
burning out west, it is an incredibly terrifying sight to see huge
plumes of flames that reach up to 30,000 feet in the atmosphere. They
are ominous. These brave men and women run toward danger to protect our
lives and our homes.
Honoring Trenton Johnson
Mr. President, let me close by recognizing a young man who lost his
life in Montana just this past week. His name was Trenton Johnson.
Trenton Johnson was such a man--one of those brave heroes. It is with a
heavy heart that I offer prayers of strength and peace to the family
and friends of Trenton Johnson, who died fighting a fire just last
Wednesday near Seeley Lake in the northwest corner of Montana.
Trenton will be remembered for his bravery, and I pray that his
family and friends find solace and encouragement in the memories of his
vibrant but way too short life. He was just 19 years old.
As we pray for rain in Montana, we also pray for the safety and
protection of all of our firefighters who, as we speak at this very
moment, are still battling blazes all across our State and across the
Western United States.
Mr. President, as I said, it is with a heavy heart that I offer
prayers of strength and peace to the family and friends of Trenton
Johnson. This brave Montanan died fighting a fire last Wednesday near
Seeley Lake in the northwest corner of our State. Over this past
weekend, in his hometown of Missoula, Trenton's loss was mourned by his
family and friends, his fire crew, and many of his fellow Montanans.
This 19-year-old was celebrated by many as a successful high school
leader and athlete, a student at Montana State University, and a fire
crew member in his first season battling forest fires. The tragedy of
his passing was felt across the State.
The inherent danger firefighters face with bravery when they defend
the lives and livelihoods of a community from the path of an
unpredictable fire is awe inspiring. In Montana, the annual efforts of
firefighters at every turn is essential to our collective safety. The
men and women who make up these fire crews are a combination of
expertise, courage, and grit.
I pray that Trenton's family and friends find solace and
encouragement in the memories of his vibrant life, and I pray for the
safety of all firefighters still battling blazes across Big Sky
The PRESIDING OFFICER. The Senator from Washington.
Mrs. MURRAY. Mr. President, I am here this evening to stand with the
patients and families and communities nationwide to make sure they have
a voice to continue speaking out against TrumpCare and to urge our
Republican colleagues to stand with their constituents and join
Democrats in rejecting this mean bill.
Before I go any further, I want to talk about an incredible group of
families I met with recently who are making their voices heard against
TrumpCare. These are parents with kids who are battling serious and
complex medical conditions. These families have spent the majority of
their summer here in Washington, DC, sharing their stories about what
having healthcare means to them.
The little lobbyists, young kids 3 years old, 5 years old, should be
at home in their neighborhoods like other kids, but, instead, they are
here fighting for their own healthcare and their lives.
I held a press conference with these families here in the Capitol,
where their parents shared stories about what TrumpCare would mean for
them and their families. They spoke about their worries and their fears
for the future.
One story was that of Elena Hung and her daughter Xiomara. Xiomara is
3 years old. She will be starting school this fall. You can tell she is
one of those kids with incredible energy, who just lights up a room.
But Xiomara was born with complications in her lungs, heart, and
kidneys. She needs a tracheostomy, a feeding tube, and a ventilator
just to stay alive.
Elena has told me what it has meant for her and her family to have
healthcare these last couple of years. Elena and her husband both have
professional degrees, good-paying jobs, and savings in the bank. They
have done everything right, as Elena put it, and played by the rules,
but nothing prepared them for dealing with the expensive care Xiomara
would need. The hospitalizations, multiple surgeries, and medical
equipment have all added up to cost more than $3 million.
Elena talked about the uncertainty that TrumpCare has caused her
family. Because of TrumpCare, she said that they are terrified about
lifetime caps coming back and about losing their home or going
bankrupt. If they lose their healthcare, Xiomara's 10 preexisting
conditions may make her uninsurable. This is so wrong. The Hung family
should be able to focus on Xiomara, the care she needs, and getting the
right specialists and therapies to advance her treatment.
The Morrison family, whom I also met with, shouldn't have to worry
about their son Timmy getting the care he needs.
Xiomara and Timmy and all the other little lobbyists deserve to be
kids, live at home, to go to school, grow up, and just live. That was
Elena's message to our Republican colleagues, and I couldn't agree with
I have seen my share of contentious legislation during my time in the
Senate. I have seen quite a few Democratic bills that Republicans
couldn't stand. I saw Republican bills that Democrats would never vote
for. I understand that some of my colleagues may disagree with certain
parts of the Affordable
Care Act. But what I can't understand is why anyone would ignore real
life stories of their own constituents whose lives have changed and
even been saved by this law. For one, that is not how you have a
serious policy debate--ignoring your constituents and facts and fudging
the numbers. More importantly, that is not what we were sent here to do
by the people we represent. They rightly expect and deserve better.
What we have seen for the last 7 years--and since the Republican
leadership began their efforts to repeal the ACA--has been truly
unprecedented. In January of this year, the Republican leadership
kicked Democrats out of the process entirely under reconciliation.
Since then they have done everything possible to prevent not just
Democrats but anyone other than their own party to be involved in that
process--no hearings, no scrutiny, no public input, no expert
testimony. When they finally released the TrumpCare bill after months
of negotiating in secret in a room of 13 men, it was no surprise that
it was immediately rejected by people across the country because it was
clear that their bill isn't actually about healthcare--far from it.
Their bill is about giving a massive gift to the wealthy and already
well-connected on the backs of children and working families and people
with disabilities and the sick and elderly.
So Democrats, Republicans, Independents, and millions of people have
stood up and said no to this awful bill, no to increasing costs to
families and seniors, no to putting insurance companies back in charge,
no to kicking tens of millions of people off their health insurance, no
to attacking women's health and rights. In fact, one study came out
showing it was the least popular bill in three decades.
I guess it is no surprise that my Republican colleagues didn't want
to defend this bill, but here is what is frankly appalling: What did
Republican leaders do in the face of large-scale, popular rejection of
the bill? What did Republican leaders do after Members of their own
party said that they couldn't vote for it without massive changes to
help more people? They made the bill worse. They did nothing to address
the concerns that even many Republicans--Governors, Senators, and so
many others--had about the massive cuts to Medicaid that would be
devastating to patients and to our States. They did nothing to truly
address the defunding of Planned Parenthood and cutting off access to
care for millions of women. They included an opioid fund so
insignificant that a Republican Governor said it would be like
“spitting in the ocean.”
When it comes to affordability and putting insurance companies back
in charge, Republican leaders not only didn't fix that problem, they
made it a whole lot worse. They caved to the most extreme Members of
their caucus by including the Cruz-Lee provision. Now with every
sweetener, every tweak, they have not only made the bill worse, they
have made it unworkable, and even in violation of the Senate
Now, as soon as tomorrow, the Republican leadership is saying that
they are going to move forward with either a vote on their failed
TrumpCare bill, a vote to repeal the ACA entirely--with no plan to help
families who would be devastated--or maybe a vote on the disastrous
House version of the TrumpCare bill. Nobody knows, especially our
It is like Leader McConnell is setting up Senate Republicans to play
“choose your own adventure” with our families' healthcare. Even he
does not know for sure where this will end, but he is clearly willing
to do whatever it takes to get to yes, and so is President Trump. He is
doing what he does--tweeting threats, stirring up his extreme base,
sending Vice President Pence to twist arms to try to convince a few
more Republicans to stay quiet about their very legitimate concerns.
Yet, as we head toward a possible vote tomorrow, I hope my Republican
colleagues--especially those who have already indicated that they
oppose this bill and process--will demand better for their own
I am going to keep saying this until it sinks in, which is that
Democrats are ready, as we always have been, to work with Republicans
to improve our healthcare system and make healthcare more affordable,
more accessible, of higher quality, and to clean up the mess that has
now been made with their efforts to sabotage the ACA in order to jam
this TrumpCare bill through.
Let's be clear. As President Trump and Republicans have tried to pass
TrumpCare legislatively, they have also implemented it by undermining
our current healthcare system. Unless they get serious and get to work
with Democrats, families are going to face higher premiums in 2018, and
they will have fewer choices--all because of partisan political
This fight is on the razor's edge, and Democrats are going to keep
doing everything we can to stop it. We just need a few Republicans to
join us, to stand on the side of patients and families and say no to
TrumpCare. Democrats will do everything we can to persuade more
Republicans to join us, but what has made the difference thus far, what
has truly mattered, is when Republicans have heard from their own
I am here tonight to strongly urge people across the country to ramp
up the pressure in these last few hours. Keep calling and tweeting.
Double down on your advocacy, and make your voices heard. Again, we
have less than 24 hours until the Republican leadership plans to hold a
Republican Senators, we also need to hear from you. Now is the time
to stand up, do the right thing, and oppose TrumpCare once and for all.
I know a number of our colleagues are going to be coming to the floor
tonight to talk about this, and they will be raising their voices and
their concerns. I urge all Senators to stand with us tomorrow and vote
Thank you, Mr. President.
I yield the floor.
I suggest the absence of a quorum.
The PRESIDING OFFICER. The clerk will call the roll.
The senior assistant legislative clerk proceeded to call the roll.
Mr. REED. Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent that the order for
the quorum call be rescinded.
The PRESIDING OFFICER. Without objection, it is so ordered.
Mr. REED. Mr. President, I am truly dismayed by what we have seen in
this Chamber over the last couple of months with respect to the Senate
We are expecting to take a vote tomorrow on the motion to proceed,
but at this point, our Republican colleagues have not shared with us
exactly what we are proceeding to. We do not know if our Republican
colleagues will attempt to replace the ACA with their flawed TrumpCare
bill or if they will just vote to repeal the ACA and immediately upend
health insurance markets across the country. Not one of these options
is acceptable, and I am skeptical that my colleagues will be able to
come up with a better solution in the next 24 hours.
For an issue of this magnitude, we should be holding hearings,
meetings, and discussions in the committees of jurisdiction, with
experts from around the country, much like we did when we worked to
pass the Affordable Care Act. In that way, we could have worked
together across the aisle to develop ideas that would improve the
system in place, not gut it.
There have long been misconceptions about how the Affordable Care Act
came to be. For over a year, we held hearings, meetings, and roundtable
discussions with Members from both parties and had a robust amendment
process in our committees, both in the Senate Finance Committee and in
the Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions Committee. I served on the
HELP Committee at that time and went through numerous hearings, open
discussions, and numerous amendments, and I listened to my colleagues.
In fact, the HELP Committee's draft of the ACA included over 160
amendments that were offered by my Republican colleagues. It was truly
a bipartisan effort at the committee level to try to at least discuss
the critical issues that both sides had identified.
This stands in stark contrast to the bill our colleagues have written
in secret this year. Even some Republican Senators were kept in the
dark, excluded from the process. There were no opportunities for
experts, doctors, patients, and others to weigh in and offer comments.
As a result, they have written a bill that is bad for patients, bad
for healthcare providers, bad for States, and bad for the system as a
My colleagues even rejected the chance to hear from States in public
hearings about their healthcare systems in terms of what has worked
well and what has not. There are examples of States that have done some
very innovative things and some examples of States that have had
difficulties. We always say that the States are the great incubators
for new ideas. Yet the process that was adopted did not incorporate the
views in both of the cases--those in which States have done remarkably
well and, frankly, when they could have done much better.
We should look to the States to see how we can improve our healthcare
system and let them be partners with us in this process. That is what
we did in the consideration of the Affordable Care Act. In fact, some
States had already worked to expand access to care before the ACA, most
notably Massachusetts, with RomneyCare, and we looked carefully at
those examples and tried to incorporate those successful ideas in a
By contrast, across the country, Governors and Senators and State
legislators--both Democrats and Republicans--are largely opposed to the
Senate Republicans' TrumpCare bill because they know it would be a bad
idea for their States. State and local officials have crossed party
lines and joined together to get the word out about how bad this bill
would be for Americans in all States and from all walks of life. My
Republican colleagues must heed their advice and abandon this harmful
It is no secret as to why my Republican colleagues have struggled to
come up with the votes within their caucus for their repeal efforts.
Their proposals are bad for my State of Rhode Island and bad for the
country as a whole. In fact, many States with Republican legislatures
and Republican Governors have done very well in incorporating the ACA
and understand the impact this will have almost immediately on their
While we do not know exactly what we will be voting on tomorrow, we
have some guesses based on some of what Republicans have publicly
shared over the last couple of weeks, and each proposal seems to be
worse than the next.
First, my colleagues tried to vote on their TrumpCare bill, which
would have provided massive tax giveaways to the very wealthiest
Americans at the expense of hard-working Americans across the country.
This bill would have decimated Medicaid, cutting State budgets and
eliminating access to care for seniors, children, and people with
disabilities. Fifty percent of the funds in my State go to seniors, and
it is roughly equivalent across the country. Typically, it is through
Medicaid for seniors who are in nursing homes. If they were to lose
that funding, the States could not make it up.
I think every State in this country is struggling with its own fiscal
issues--education, transportation and infrastructure--a host of issues.
When this money is pulled out, they will not be able to replace it.
They will make difficult decisions about cutting back eligibility so
that, ironically, middle-class seniors will be the first to feel the
brunt of these cuts. That is exactly one of the areas in which we are
trying to improve our system, not only of healthcare but of government.
Even after doing that, I think they will still come up short, and that
is when they will go into the education funding formulas. There are
many States across the country now that are already in crisis, and this
will just add to the crisis.
None of these fixes, I don't think, will overcome the damage that
would be inflicted by the bill. The nonpartisan Congressional Budget
Office confirmed that last week when it released an updated score of
the bill to reflect some of the changes that had been made. The CBO
said that under this revised bill--the latest one that has been
evaluated--22 million Americans would lose coverage, just like in the
previous version of the bill. It said that 22 million Americans--a
significant number of our neighbors--would lose their coverage. Many of
them are working families, and many of them have children with special
needs, and they need this coverage. They would be thrown out.
I was at a Lowe's store in Rhode Island when a young man came up to
me--probably in his mid-thirties--and said: Please, Senator, you have
to stop this bill. I have a son who has a serious problem.
I believe he told me it was MS.
He said: If, eventually, they remove the lifetime limits on
healthcare insurance, as they are talking about, I will be done. I have
employer healthcare insurance. I have a good job, and I have benefits,
but if they put those lifetime limits back again, I will be bankrupt.
My son will not have the care, or he will only get the care through
some type of--something--some extraordinary method.
That is the reality. These are our neighbors.
Similarly, the CBO said that out-of-pocket costs would increase
across the board and that care would be prohibitively expensive for the
sickest and poorest amongst us. That is one of the great ironies here--
that the sickest would be paying more and more and more.
The CBO was not misled by these so-called fixes that have come into
the bill. In fact, we know that the reality would be even worse, I
believe, than the CBO has predicted because it has not taken into
account a provision that was added too late to be scored--a provision
that would bifurcate insurance markets and separate the sick from the
healthy, which would lead to a death spiral in the market that would
all but certainly collapse the market. They are plans that are not
really insurance. They are kind of--I don't know what they are. In
fact, the CBO could not even call them insurance. But that would
qualify as a plan. The healthiest, youngest people would buy it because
it would be cheap, and they would have some kind of sense of
protection, driving the sickest and older people into other plans,
which would increase their costs and, in fact, create this bifurcated
system in which either young, healthy people would not have insurance
or they would have this insurance, which would not be insurance when
they need it. Then you would have more and more people with chronic
conditions and illnesses and just the accumulated health issues of age
flocking to what is left and bringing down that system. It would be a
If that were not bad enough, some of my colleagues on the other side
of the aisle decided that the backup plan would be to vote on a bill to
repeal the ACA in its entirety on a 2-year delay. They claim that it
will give them an opportunity to work out a replacement plan. This is
not sound policy. First, they have had more than 7 years to come up
with a replacement but have not had any success. At this moment, there
is this ad hoc “What do we put in? What do we take out?” The 7 years
of supposed study and analysis has produced, apparently, nothing, and
they have spent all of this year behind closed doors, coming up with
something they think will work, but they have come up with the same
results--the same CBO scores, basically. The real end game is not to
repeal and replace; it just seems to be to repeal.
My other concern is that even if this repeal is delayed by 2 years,
markets will not wait 2 years to react and insurance companies will not
wait 2 years to react. They have to provide for decades in terms of
actuarial values, in terms of their shareholders. Hospitals will not
wait 2 years. They will see this coming to an end. They will start
scaling back their programs, their outreach, all of the things they do,
and the effects will be imminent. This effort would leave 17 million
more Americans uninsured next year and 32 million more Americans
uninsured over the next decade. That is the repeal-and-wait approach.
And once again the CBO said this bill will lead to skyrocketing
healthcare costs, for the reasons that I suggest: markets will not
wait. Markets will move very quickly once they know this is gone. And
since in the last 7 years we couldn't get a replacement, the idea that
we are getting it in 2 more years is something they won't believe, and
it will be immediate and devastating--again, another death spiral for
the marketplace. But here we are on the precipice of voting on whether
to upend our entire healthcare system so that, in some respects, this
President can claim a victory over former President
Obama--not because it is sound healthcare policy but just because of
that very complicated relationship. And it is not the right thing to
It is long past time for us to leave the campaign rhetoric behind, to
get together in a bipartisan fashion, and to work out ways to improve
our healthcare system. That is what we attempted to do with the ACA. We
sat in meeting after meeting, hearing after hearing--the longest
markup, I believe, in the HELP Committee--accepting and voting on
Republican amendments and Democratic amendments. That is how we get
things done--I hope that is how we get things done.
Healthcare makes up one-sixth of our economy. And when you walk into
an ER or a doctor's office, they don't ask you whether you are a
Republican or a Democrat, but whether you have insurance. That is the
only question they ask: How are you paying for this? If you don't have
insurance, then you are in an awfully difficult position, and we know
Everybody is going to use the healthcare system in their life. This
is not an optional thing. This is not something that is designed for a
special group of people. We all will use the healthcare system. And if
you can't access it because you have no money or no insurance, maybe
you will find a way through the emergency room or some other way, but
it won't be the best healthcare and it won't be the most efficient and
economical for our country.
In fact, one of the ironies of our healthcare system before the ACA
is that we could have large portions of our population with no health
insurance, not getting treatment for illnesses that could have been
readily fixed while they were in their forties and fifties, and then
suddenly at 65, with Medicare, which we all support, they can get
treatment they need.
I had an ophthalmologist in my office one day, and they kind of
looked around and commented: Well, you are right, because I see people
right now coming into Medicare--65, 66 years old--because they had
early onset diabetes, which could have been treated by a modest drug
regime in their forties and fifties. They are now so sick that they
have to have expensive surgery.
That is not effective for the country. With the Affordable Care Act,
we were putting our whole Nation, we hoped--from young people,
children, all the way through--on a path to good healthcare, so that by
the time they get to Medicare, those issues would not be so important.
So I would urge my colleagues to abandon this effort, to begin
tomorrow not with a vote on their proposal, but sitting down with both
sides, doing the same process that we did. Again, one of the tests of
life is, do you allow your colleagues and friends to do what you did,
or do you insist they do something else? We are just asking them to do
the same thing we did with the Affordable Care Act over many months of
hearings and debate, and then at the end there was a vote.
We are going to see this for the first time tomorrow--the details. We
still don't know what is going to be in it. There will be a vote, but
it won't be an informed vote. It won't be a result of careful
deliberation. It won't be a result of a bipartisan effort. It won't be
a result of all the equity holders, including doctors, patients, public
health officials, and governors, coming together and saying: We can do
this better. That, to me, is a shame.
With that, I yield the floor.
I suggest the absence of a quorum.
The PRESIDING OFFICER. The clerk will call the roll.
The senior assistant legislative clerk proceeded to call the roll.
Mr. McCONNELL. Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent that the order
for the quorum call be rescinded.
The PRESIDING OFFICER. Without objection, it is so ordered.